პროფესორი, სოციალურ მეცნიერებათა დეპარტამენტი, აკაკი წერეთლის სახელმწიფო უნივერსიტეტი, ქუთაისი, საქართველო
Nuclear Massive Weapons and International Security
(ახალი საჯარო მმართველობა: გამოწვევები და პერსპექტივები)
Introduction and aim: Since the Second World War, some States have developed weapon increasingly performed, which can create the most damage possible (A), however, the actual tend is to stop this propagation and limit the use of nuclear power.
Research methodology: The survey used a common research methods in international relations, namely: theoretical, historical, sociological analytical material grades; Situation analysis, factual and documentary material analyzed.
Results and implications: The Realist theory about international relations emphasizes the strong propensity for conflict between States. This view of international relations shows that the strongest can lead and influence its neighbor. That's why it's important in a period of war, to have the best weapons and strategy to win. At the beginning of the Second World War, United States had some suspicions that Germany could work on nuclear power. In 1942, Americans created the project “Manhattan”, to build a nuclear bomb. They were the first to use it, by destroying Hiroshima and Nagasaki: it ends the war and traumatised lot of people.With their power, United States could protect and help European countries under Nazi influence: it was a strategic way to have a foot in Europe and threaten Nazi and soviet powers.To reach the United State level, others countries also started developing the nuclear bomb, such as the Soviet Union.
Conclusion: International security is nowadays an important subject which led States to cooperate. That's why United Nations was created in 1945: “to maintain international peace and security”. This institutions can build some resolutions, take decision, by the action of the Security Council, which have to be followed by State. In September 2006, the United Nations Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy was adopted by Member States. This resolution is a unique global instrument that will enhance national, regional and international efforts to counter terrorism. This is the first time that all Member States have agreed to a common strategic approach to fight terrorism: this is the first step to combat terrorism and to reach a secure world.
Keywords: nuclear weapons, international security